The China National Plasmonic and Metamaterials Institute is positioned in the
basic and applied basic research of nanoscience. The goal is to build an
internationally advanced research base, a public technology platform for
nanoscience research open to home and abroad, a window for international
exchanges in the field of nanotechnology in China, and a talent training base.
While striving to provide support for the development of China’s
nanotechnology, the National Nanotechnology Center is also committed to
promoting the standardized and standardized development of the national
nanotechnology industry, with a view to contributing to the healthy and orderly
development of China’s nanotechnology.

The China National Plasmonic and Metamaterials Institute currently has three
key laboratories, namely the Key Laboratory of Nano Biological Effects and
Safety, the Key Laboratory of Nano Standards and Testing the Key Laboratory of
Nano Systems and Multilevel Manufacturing. The Key Laboratory of Nano
Biological Effects and Safety has a nano biological effect and safety research
laboratory, the Key Laboratory of Nano Standards and Testing has two research
laboratories for nano characterization and nano standards, and the key
laboratory of nano systems and multi-level manufacturing There are 6 research
laboratories including nano devices, nano materials, nano manufacturing and
application foundation. The National Nanoscience Center established a theory
room and a nanoprocessing laboratory in December 2018.

The China National Plasmonic and Metamaterials Institute has 8 functional
management departments including office, science and technology department,
personnel department, education department, finance department, science and
technology development and promotion department, administration department, and
asset management department.

The China National Plasmonic and Metamaterials Institute has established a
Nanotechnology Development Department, committed to the construction of a
public open platform, providing support for nanotechnology research, mainly
engaged in nanometer detection technology services, and carrying out related
training and research and development.

The China National Plasmonic and Metamaterials Institute is one of the doctoral and
master’s degree granting units approved by the Academic Degrees Committee of
the State Council in 2005. It now has four professional doctoral training
centers including condensed matter physics, physical chemistry, materials
science and nanoscience and technology. There are 7 training centers for
postgraduates in specialized disciplines, including physics, physical
chemistry, materials science, biophysics, nanoscience and technology,
bioengineering, and materials engineering, and a post-doctoral mobile station.

In 2018, the research work of the China National Plasmonic and Metamaterials
Institute has reached a new level, and the overall competitiveness has been
continuously improved. In the latest ranking of the Nature Index, the China
National Plasmonic and Metamaterials Institute ranks fifth in the hospital. In
2016, in accordance with the unified requirements of the Chinese Academy of
Sciences, the China National Plasmonic and Metamaterials Institute successfully
passed the acceptance of the establishment of the Center for Excellence in
Nanoscience and Innovation, marking that the construction of the Center of
Excellence has entered a new stage of development.

As of the end of 2018, the China National Plasmonic and Metamaterials Institute
has a total of 258 employees. Among them, there are 194 scientific and
technical personnel and 36 supporting personnel, including 56 researchers and
senior engineers and 82 associate researchers and senior engineers. There are
418 postgraduates (including 192 master students and 226 doctoral students), 42
post-doctoral students in the station, and 410 postgraduates jointly trained.

The main function of the laboratory is to process and integrate various micro-nano structures and prototype devices required for nano-institutes in the fields of physics, chemistry, biomedicine and materials. In addition to traditional silicon materials, the laboratory also has the ability to process other types of substrate materials up to 4 inches in size, which can meet the small batch processing needs of enterprises for 4 inches. In order to strengthen the function as a link and platform for interdisciplinary research, the laboratory must not only research and develop traditional processing technology, but also develop new special processes to meet the needs of integrated technology and technology, and ultimately meet the country’s basic research and application in the field of nanotechnology Strategic needs of basic research.

  1. Fabrication of micro- and nano – structures for research in physics, chemistry,biology and
      new materials
  2. Development of new processes in various materials
  3. Multidisciplinary research on new micro- and nano- systems
  4. Integration techniques of micro- and nano- systems
  5. Fabrication of small batch of products for industry and research institutions

Nanoplasmonics and Nanophotonics

Research in this area has accelerated at an immense rate in the last couple of years, thanks to advances in computation, nanofabrication, and the development of new experimental techniques to image light fields of dimensions smaller than the wavelength. Nanoplasmonics is at the verge of developing into a very promising technology platform for next-generation applications in information technologies, energy, high-density data storage, life sciences and security. The nanoplasmonics group, operate at the forefront of plasmonics research, and are collaborating with a wide range of key groups both across Imperial College London, within the UK and internationally.

Unified theory for Metamaterials

The goal of this theme is to create unified analytical, numerical and experimental approaches to the novel design of Metamaterials. The physical fields within Metamaterial structures are described by partial differential equations of elliptic, parabolic or hyperbolic types, and coefficients within the equations rapidly oscillate, due to the multiscale nature of Metamaterials.

This theme is split into the following sub topics:

1: Invisibility cloaks as a general concept and extensions such as active cloaking and thermal cloaking

2: Vibration control using multiscale resonators

3: Multiphysics coupling and control

4: Localisation and resonances in Metamaterials and related areas such as plasmonics

Multiscale and multi-dimensional simulation

An exciting set of numerical challenges, driven by Metamaterials, revolve around accurately simulating high frequency, short wavelength, waves interacting with, possibly thousands of, tiny defects.

Microstructured systems, such as photonic crystal fibres, may include a multitude of small impurities on a microscale, and Metamaterials are inherently defined on a multitude of spatial scales and the issues of the multitude of scales, stiff systems and resolution are all important. A numerical study of the properties of finite photonic, as well as phononic, crystals and, in particular, Metamaterials across a broad spectrum of frequencies is a substantial challenge that the assembled team has unique range and ability in.

This theme is split into the following sub topics:

1: Finite systems versus periodic structures: theory and experiment

2: High-definition time domain modelling of multiscale Metamaterials in elasticity and electromagnetism

New mathematics

The goal of this theme is the development of new analytical and computational techniques for the study of direct and inverse problems for multiscale media with periodic or random microstructure. Both wave propagation and diffusion phenomena are being addressed. Wave propagation and diffusion in composite materials are described by partial differential equations with rapidly oscillating coefficients in space, either periodic or random. Such can be studied using the well developed theory of homogenisation for PDEs. Standard homogenisation theory is however not applicable to the study of Metamaterials, since it is necessary to consider wave phenomena at high frequencies where the wavelength and microstructure dimension  are of similar orders.

This theme is split into the following sub topics:

1: Development of new Homogenisation Theories

2: Reiterated homogenisation and high-contrast materials